|TWN Cancún News Update No.17|
|Written by Administrator|
|Thursday, 16 December 2010 10:46|
He said that it is a document for the demise of nations like mine. We come to Mexico with renewed interest that the international community will not repeat Copenhagen.
He said Tuvalu seeks a clear mandate to continue the Kyoto Protocol and a new mandate to create a legally-binding agreement to implement the Bali Action Plan. The two track process must result in two legally-binding agreements and it can only be done by revitalising the Kyoto Protocol and creating the new one for countries not included in the Kyoto Protocol.
Vice chairman of the National Development and Reform commission of China, Xie Zhenhua said as a developing country, China is also a victim of climate change. It has strong sympathy for the negative impacts of climate change faced by LDCs, small island countries, African countries and other developing countries.
He said the Chinese government has identified proactive tackling of climate change as a key strategy for economic and social development. It has put forward a target in the 11th five-year plan to reduce energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20% by 2010 from the level of 2005, which includes optimising industrial structure, eliminating outmoded production capacity, enhancing energy conservation and improving energy efficiency, accelerating development of clean energy and increasing forest carbon sink.
He said its per capita GDP is only US$3,700 and only ranks around 100th place globally, and China still has a huge population living in poverty and is confronted with multiple challenges of economic development, poverty eradication, livelihood improvement and climate protection.
China, he added, will continue to follow a path of sustainable development and will never repeat the old path taken by developed countries in their industrialisation process, which emitted greenhouse gases in an unchecked manner. China will adopt comprehensive policies to slow down the speed of emission growth and try to reach emission peak as early as possible.
He said Parties must insist on the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol as the basis for negotiation. Parties need to follow the mandate of the Bali Roadmap. Parties must also insist on achieving common development as the target. The ultimate solution to climate change can only be achieved through common sustainable development of all countries. Developed countries should take the lead in substantial emission reduction so as to leave necessary room for the development of developing countries.
He said as long as we insist on the principles of the Convention and the Protocol, as well as the mandate of the Bali Roadmap and the principles of Party-driven, transparency, inclusiveness and consensus through consultations, the Cancun COP is sure to achieve positive outcomes.
He said India announced in Copenhagen to reduce its emission intensity by 20 to 25% by 2020 from 2005 level and had already set in motion a low carbon strategy which is available in the public domain, keeping in mind the need for transparency. India’s energy mix would still include coal but would see an increase in natural gas and nuclear power is expected to double over the next decade.
Norway’s prime minister Jens Stoltenberg said Parties risked losing confidence of the world that we are capable of meeting the challenges of climate change if they don’t use the meetings in Cancun to move forward on the key elements of finance, mitigation, adaptation and MRV (measurable, reportable and verifiable).
He said financing is not about funding but balancing economic interests, responsibilities and creating trust among all countries. He said Norway’s report concluded that mobilising the promised US$100 billion a year by 2020 is challenging but feasible. It will require a combination of sources – scaling up of existing public instruments and increase in private investment. And that pricing carbon emission has a double climate effect -curbing the potential sources of emission in developing countries and providing incentive for reducing emission in developed countries.
He pointed out that political will and political convergence on the key issues are needed to stitch all the elements together in a legally-binding nature without which there will be no agreement.
Germany Minister of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Norbert Roettgen said its strategy of renewable energy has proven to be successful even in time of financial crisis. We had come out even stronger. Due to our strength in exporting environmental technology, we hold 30% of world market share and the share is rising. Its energy policy has laid the foundation for transfer of economy upto 2050 where it could reduce (fossil) energy consumption by 95% by 2050 and create upto 500,000 new jobs and saving upto €20bil in energy imports.
In Cancun, he said Parties need to prove that they are capable of acting in a multilateral manner as climate change can be addressed together to achieve more ambitious results.
The dialogue titled Consequences of inaction: our responsibility to act now provided a platform for countries from the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), African Group and Least Developed Countries to share their experiences in coping with severe climatic events and their expectations of the UNFCCC negotiations. The second session – The struggle against climate change, what should our legacy be? is scheduled for 9 December.
Calderon shared that the country already used up its annual budget of 1 billion pesos for post-disaster infrastructure reparation this year on just one hurricane event in January and had already spent another 1.5 billion pesos after another hurricane disaster. As such, Mexico is planning a special reconstruction fund of 5 billion pesos for next year.
Stern said many developing countries are facing a challenge of development in an increasingly hostile climate. As such adaptation and mitigation actions are bound together intricately whether we look at agriculture, infrastructure development or transportation.
He said as we tackle those problems, we must not forget how closely they are linked together.
If we are going to explore the idea of a green industrial revolution, we have to collaborate and this spirit of collaboration is to be valued and enhanced as Parties move forward in the on-going negotiation for the remaining 48 hours. He said not only rich countries have to set example but they have to support this collaboration through finance.
President of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi said there is no other option but to adapt to climate change but should the temperature increase in the range of 5°C, it would simply be inadaptable.
He said as far as Africa is concerned, it has to adapt under a 1°C increase, it may manage under a 2°C increase but beyond that it would be impossible to do so. So, it will have to start mitigation now too as it cannot have one or the other (referring to adaptation) and that effort has to be replicated throughout the world as we will perish or survive together.
This, he said, is the obvious agenda that we all need to work together. If we can’t manage climate change as a global community, it’s clear that we can’t manage other international cooperation as climate change is about common survival.
Zenawi said it would be difficult to get a perfect agreement and Parties will have to make do with what is possible. He added that while Africa would prefer a perfect agreement and recognised that it has more at stake with a quick and tolerable agreement but it is already facing the consequences of climate change.
President Johnson Toribiong of Palau said as a country made up of islands and atolls, Palau is particularly vulnerable to sea level rise. He also said the warming sea, which led to coral bleaching not only affects the fish stocks but also the tourism industry.
He said the Pacific islanders felt helpless because as a region with limited resources they cannot address the problem alone as it requires the whole world to reverse the process (of global warming).
Prime Minister of Grenada, Tillman Thomas said climate change is a planetary emergency that requires collective actions. He said vulnerable countries are not in a position to respond to disasters. He is concerned that it would take more resources to respond if we delay taking actions now.
Porfirio Lobo, the President of Honduras agreed that there is no way of doing it (addressing climate change) in isolation, as it needs to be properly coordinated. He said 70% of logging in Honduras is to produce firewood for the poor and the threats from climate change will even be greater if we don’t resolve poverty.
Chairman of the Commission of African Union Jean Ping said the African continent emits as much as the state of Texas in the United States but yet it is suffering so much.
He said these issues are neglected but instead Parties are focusing on forests in the Congo Basin as that is their interests, referring to the attention paid to the forests under the proposed REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in Developing Countries) mechanism as a mitigation measure with financial support from developed countries.
However, he noted that very little attention is paid to outlying islands (in west Africa) that are hit by droughts where the inhabitants are forced to migrate and cross the Atlantic Ocean.
Ping said developed countries must bear the responsibilities for causing climate change by helping poor countries to adapt and mitigate as the crisis deepens. He urged rich countries to put their hands into their pockets and the issue will be resolved. (Otherwise) If the boat sinks, you will sink with your hordes of money.
Zenawi said Ethiopia’s development strategy is based on achieving zero emission by 2025 when it achieved middle income status by then. He said Ethiopia has massive potential for renewable energy in the form of hydro, wind and solar power. For example, he said in the Sahara where there is intense sunlight and boundless space to establish solar panel, it can generate enough electricity for the continent and for export to Europe.
He also said Ethiopia will rehabilitate its degrade land which could create a major carbon sink and at the same time produce biofuel. It would also retain moisture and manage flow of rainwater to improve agriculture activities. He said Ethiopia is planting a billion trees annually and plan to do more.
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